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VOLLEYBALL ACTIVITIES

Just as with most lead up team sports,its imperative to adapt and modify the rules and skills of the activity to meet the student's individual ability.

The phrase ‘alive and kicking’ takes on an entirely new meaning when transplanted into the world of Sepak Takraw. An exciting spectator sport from Malaysia, the traditional games requires acrobatic skills and agility from the players. Kicks form the crux of the game, hence the word " Sepak " or to strike with the foot.

Forming a circle to kick, shoulder or head a rattan ball to the opposing players, similar to current volleyball drills played the early game. The objective was to keep the ball in the air for as long as possible. To add pizzazz to the otherwise mundane and ‘tame’ ball game, varying styles of sending and receiving the ball were created. Thus the dazzling display of acrobatic twists, turns and body swerves came into being.


1. THE COURT
1.1. Area of 13.4 m x 6.1 m free from all obstacles up to the height of 8 m measured from the floor surface (sand and grass court not advisable).
1.2. The width of the lines' bounding the court should not be more than 0.04 m measured and drawn inwards from the edge of the court measurements. All the lines should be drawn a least 3.0 m away from all obstacles.
1.3. The Center Line-The centerline of 0.02 m should be drawn- equally dividing the court into two halves.
1.4. The Quarter Circle-At the intersection of the centerline with each sideline, the quarter circle shall be drawn from the sideline to the centerline with a radius of 0.9 m measured and drawn outwards from the edge of the 0.9 m radius.
1.5. The Service Circle-The service circle of 0.3 m radius shall be drawn on the left and from the side lines, the 0.04'm line shall be measured and drawn outward from the edge on the right court, the center of which is 2.45 m from the line of the court and 3.05 m of the 0.3 m radius.
2. THE POSTS
2.1 The posts shall be 1.55 m (1.45 m for women) in height from the floor and shall be sufficiently firm to keep the-net strain. It should be made 'from very strong materials and shall not be more than 0.04 m
2.2 Position of Posts - The posts shall be erected or placed 0.3 m away from the side line and In line with the centerline.
3. THE NET
3.1 The net shall be made of fine ordinary cord or nylon with 0.06 m to 0.08 m mesh.
The net shall be of 0.7 m wide and not shorter, than 6.10 m in length and taped at both ends with 0.05 m Tape from top to bottom to be in line with court sidelines, called boundary tapes.
3.2. The net shall be edged with 0.06 m tape both at the top and the bottom of the net supported by a fine ordinary cord or nylon cord that runs through the tape and strains over and flushes with the. Top of the posts. The top of the net shall be 1.52 m (1.42 m for women) in height from the center and 1.55 m (1.45 m for women) at the post
4. THE SEPAKTAKRAW BALL
The Sepaktakraw ball shall be a sphere of one woven layer having 12 holes with 20 intersections. It shall be made of natural rattan or synthetic fiber. If it is made of rattan, it shall consist of 9-11 strains. The circumference shall not be less than 0.42'm and not more than 0.44 m (0.43 m to 0.45 m for women). The weight before play shall not be less than 170 gm and not more than 180 gm (150 gm to 160 gm for women).
5. THE PLAYERS
5.1. The game is played between two "Regu" consisting of three players on each side.
5.2. One of the three players shall be at the back and he/she is called "Back".
5.3. The other two players shall be in front one on the left and the other on the right. The player on the left is called Left Inside" and the player on the right is called "Right Inside".
6. PLAYER'S ATTIRE
6.1. The man players must wear jerseys / T-shirts and shorts (round neck T-shirts with sleeves, shorts length at knee level for woman players), and sports shoes with rubber soles. It is forbidden for players to wear anything that endangers the opponents during the game. In case of cold weather, the players are permitted to use tracksuits.
6.2. The entire apparel of a player is regarded as part of his/her body. All jerseys/T-shirts should be tucked in.
6.3. Anything that helps to speed the ball or that helps the movement of a player is not allowed.
6.4. Captain of each "Regu" shall wear an armband on the left arm.
6.5. All jerseys/T-shirts; must be numbered on the back. A player must be assigned with a permanent number throughout the tournament Only numbers 1-15 are allowed to be used by each participating team. The size of the number shall not be less than 19 cm in height
7. SUBSTITUTION
7.1. Substitution of a player is allowed at any time on request made by the Team Manager to the Official Referee when the ball is not in play.
7.2. Each "Regu" is allowed to make one substitution only.
7.3. Player, who is sent off by umpire during the game, may be allowed to be substituted, provided the substitution has not been made.
7.4. Any player having played in any "Regu" whether in the starting line-up or as a substitute will not be allowed to play in another "Regu" for the team in the current game.
7.5. Any "Regu" having less than 3 players will not be allowed to continue the game and will be considered as having lost.
9. POSITION OF PLAYERS DURING SERVICE
10.1. At the start of play, the players of both "Regu" must be in their respective courts in ready position.
10.2. Serving "Back" player shall have one of his/her feet inside the serving circle. The other foot must be outside the circle to kick the service ball.
10.3. Both of the "Inside" players of the serving side must be in their respective quarter circles.
10.4. The opponent is free to be anywhere within its court.
11. THE START OF PLAY AND SERVICE
11.1. The side that chooses to start the game, shall start the first set the winner of the first set shall change sides and start the second set.
11.2 The throw must be executed as soon as the umpire must calls the score. If either of the "Inside" players throws the ball before the umpire calls the score, it must be a rethrown and a warning will be given to the thrower.
11.2. During the service, as soon as the server kicks the ball, all the players are allowed to move about freely in their respective courts.
11.3. The service is valid if the ball passes over the net, whether it touches the net or not, and inside the boundary of the two net tapes and boundary lines of the opponent's court
11.4. The execution of the Serve by the "Back" player can be kicked in any manner, provided one of his/her feet must be always touching the ground in the service circle.
12. FAULTS
12.1. The Serving Side during Service
12.1.1. "Inside" player who is making service throws, plays about with the ball, (throwing up the ball, bumping, giving to other "Inside" player, etc.) after the call of score has been made by the umpire.
12.1.2. The "Inside" player lift his/her feet or steps on the line or crosses over or touches the net while throwing the ball.
12.1.3. The "Back" player while kicking the service ball, the other foot does not touch the ground or steps on the service circle line.
12.1.4. The "Back" player does not kick the ball on the service throw.
12.1.5. The ball touches his/her own player before crossing to the opponent court.
12.1.6. The ball goes over the net but falls outside the court
12.1.7. The ball does not cross to the opponent side.
12.2. Receiving Side during Service
To create distracting manner or noise or shout at his/her opponent
12.3. For Both Sides during the Game
12.3.1. Stepping on the centerline.
12.3.2. Any player who touches the ball on the opponent side.
12.3.3. Any part of players body crossing over the opponent's court whether above or under the net except during the follow through ball.
12.3.4. Playing the ball more than 3 times in succession.
12.3.5. The ball touches the arm.
12.3.6. The ball rolls over the body.
12.3.7. Stopping or holding the ball under the arm, between the legs and body.
12.3.8. Any part of the body or player's outfits e.g. shoes heads band etc., touches the net or the post or the umpire's chairs or falls into the opponent’s side.
12.3.9. The ball touches the ceiling, roof or the wall (any objects).
12.3.10. Any player who delays the game unnecessarily.
13. SCORING SYSTEM
13.1. When either serving side or receiving side commits a fault, a point is awarded to the opponent side including making next service.
13.2. The winning point for a set is 21 points, unless the point is tied at 20-20, the set shall be decided on a difference of two points, up to a ceiling of 25 points. When the score is tied at 20-20, the Referee announces "Setting up to 25 points".
13.3. The game is played in 2 sets with 2-minute rest in between.
13.4. If each "Regu" wins one set, the game shall be decided in the third set called "Tiebreak" with 15 points unless the point is tied at 14-14, then the set shall be decided on a difference of two points, up to a ceiling of 17 points. When the score is tied at 14-14, the Referee announces "Setting up to 17 points".
13.5. Before the tiebreak set takes place, the umpire shall toss a disc or coin, and the side winning the toss shall have the option of "Choosing Service". The change of sides takes place when one "Regu" reaches 8 points.
14. TIME OUT
Each "Regu" can request for one time out lasting of one minute's rest by team manager or official coach per set when the ball is not in play. Only 5 persons are allowed at the base line.
17. PENALTY
The following offences will be penalised:
17.1. Showing dissent by words or action towards any officials, with regards to any decision and to any players or spectators.
17.2. Using foul or abusive language to any officials, players or spectators.
17.3. To take any improper steps or actions in order to influence any decision made by the officials.
17.4. To leave the court without the permission of the umpire (except between the second and the third set).
17.5. To give the ball to his/her opponent with by kicking the ball with the feet.
17.6. To commit ungentlemanly conduct.
17.7. To disobey orders and rules of play.
Players disobeying rules (19) will be penalised by the umpire.
19. GENERAL
In the event of any question or any matter arising out of any point which is not expressly provided for in any of the rules of the game, the decision of the Official referee shall be final.

AND A SIMPLER APPROACH The court and the net height and size are identical to those used in badminton and each team has three players. The rules are very similar to those in volleyball, with the following five important exceptions.
The use of hands is not permitted.
Each player may touch the ball only once before it is kicked over the net.
There is no rotation in the defense position.
It becomes a score (net in) even if the ball touches the net before falling into the companion court.
Serve
The player who kicks a serve surely puts a leg (shaft foot) in the service circle, and takes a toss from the player who went into the quoter circle (the semicircle of a radius 90 cm done around the contact point of the center line and the sideline), and kicks the ball.
When a game bigins by one serve, a ball can be touched by the attack of one time to three times. You can use a head, a back, legs, and anywhere except for the arm from the shoulder to the point of the finger.
Game score
The team which scored two sets out of three sets first get the victory in the game. Each sets consist of 15 points. Only 6 points of the the third set are systems.
Ball
There are 2 kinds of balls of the thing that the thing edited in the stem of 9-11 ratten, and the shape were imitated with the plastic and which was made. A ball made of the plastic is being used as an official ball from the 11th Beijing Asian convention.
The weight of the ball is 170g-190g, and the size of it is a perimeter 40cm, and there is a hole of 12 in it. It is much smaller than a handball, a little bigger than a softball.